Thursday, July 23, 2009

Questioning Chase and Simon’s (1973) “Perception in Chess”: The “Experience Recognition” Hypothesis

We have a new paper to come out, and here's the info. Please drop us a message should you be interested. It should come out soon in http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.newideapsych.2009.07.008. But while it's scheduled, it isn't redirecting yet.


Questioning Chase and Simon’s (1973) “Perception in Chess”: The “Experience Recognition” Hypothesis

By Alexandre Linhares & Anna Elizabeth T.A. Freitas, to appear in New Ideas in Psychology.

Abstract. Pattern recognition lies at the heart of the cognitive science endeavor. In this paper, we provide some criticism of this notion, using studies of chess as an example. The game of chess is, as significant evidence shows, a game of abstractions: pressures; force; open files and ranks; time; tightness of defense; old strategies rapidly adapted to new situations. These ideas do not arise on current computational models, which apply brute force by rote-memorization. In this paper we assess the computational models of CHREST and CHUMP, and argue that chess chunks must contain semantic information. This argument leads to a new and contrasting claim, as we propose that key conclusions of Chase and Simon’s (1973) influential study stemmed from a non-sequitur. In the concluding section, we propose a shift in philosophy, from “pattern recognition” to a framework of “experience recognition”.

Friday, July 3, 2009

José Aristodemo Pinotti (20/12/1934--01/07/2009)


Obituary: JOSÉ ARISTODEMO PINOTTI (20/12/1934--01/07/2009)

2004, Helsinki, The Club of Rome Assembly General.

I have been asked to write the obituary of a great man, a Doctor, a Professor, an University President, a President of numerous international organizations, a member of The Club of Rome, a Secretary of State of São Paulo...

...and: an example to be followed; a personal mentor; a friend during the storms. Whenever I have the obituary ready, I will publish it and post a link.

But here follow some of his accomplishments and recognitions (in Portuguese). This week, both the lower house and the Senate did not have sessions in Honor of Dr. José Aristodemo Pinotti.

Numerous organizations have expressed condolences.
==
Professor Titular, UNICAMP, 1972-1982

Reitor, UNICAMP, 1982-1986

Professor Titular, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, 1988-

Deputado Federal (1995-1999; 2003-2007; 2007-2011)

President, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (1988-1991)

President, The International Association of University Presidents, 1983-1984

Secretário da Educação do Estado de São Paulo, 1986-1991

Assessor, Banco Mundial e Nações Unidas, Genebra, Suíça, 1987

Membro, Board of Directors, IPAS, 1993-1995

Editorial Board, The International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, EUA;

Editorial Board, Archives of Gynecology, Heildelber, Alemanha;

Editorial Board, Argomenti di Oncologia, Milano, Italy.

Membro, Board of Trustees, The Population Council, Colorado, EUA, 1972-1983;

Professor Honorário, Universidad Mayor de San Andres, La Paz, Bolívia, 1977

Professor Honorário, Universidad Mayor de San Simón, Cochabamba, Bolívia, 1977;

Diploma de Honra, Centro Acadêmico Adolfo Lutz, UNICAMP, Campinas, SP, 1981;

Ordem do Ipiranga, Grande-Oficial, Governo do Estado de São Paulo, 1982;

Homenagem, Museu Histórico, Fac. de Medicina, USP, São Paulo, 1985;

Ordem de Rio Branco, Comendador, MRE, Brasília, DF, 1986;

Homenagem, Conselho Cultural Mundial, Heidelberg, Alemanha, 1986;

Membro Honorário do Conselho de Reitores das Universidades Brasileiras, Brasília, DF, 1986-;

Comendador, nell, Ordine al Mérito della República Italiana, Presidente da República Italiana, 1987;

Laurea Honoris Causa in Medicina et Chirurgia, Univ. de Bolonha, Itália, 1988;

Professor Honoris Causa, Fac. de Medicina de Marília, SP, 1988;

Ordem do Mérito Médico, Sociedade Brasileira de Mastologia, São Paulo, SP, 1988;

Menção Honrosa, Academia de Medicina de São Paulo, SP, 1988;

Médico Símbolo de 1988, Capítulo Brasileiro da Associação Médica de Israel, São Paulo, SP;

Secretário do Ano, Comitê de Imprensa, Palácio dos Bandeirantes, São Paulo, SP, 1988;

Medalha de Ouro, Departamento de Obstetrícia e Ginecologia do Instituto Dexeus, Espanha, 1988;

Homenagem, Federação de Obras Sociais, São Paulo, SP, 1989;

Medalha Defesa Civil do Estado de São Paulo, Casa Militar, 1990;

Honoris Causa, Societas Gynaecologica et Obstetricia, Roma, Itália, 1990;

Sócio Honorário, Sociedad Levantina de Obstetricia y Ginecología, Valência, Espanha, 1990;

Medalha Mérito da Ginecologia Italiana, SIGO, Veneza, Itália, 1991;

Prêmio Jabuti-93, Câmara Brasileira do Livro, São Paulo, SP, 1993;

Cidadão Italiano, Comuni di Magnacavallo, Itália, 1993;

Honorary Fellow, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, EUA, 1993;

Sócio Honorário, The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, EUA, 1993;

Homenagem, Inst. Italiano para o Comércio Exterior, São Paulo, SP, 1998;

Doutor Honoris Causa, Centro Universitário Ibero-Americano, São Paulo, SP, 1999;

Título Acadèmic de Honori Numeraris, Real Academia de Medicina de Catalunha, Espanha, 2001

Medalha Mérito Profissional em Ciências Médicas, Academia Brasileira de Arte, Cultura e História, São Paulo, SP, 2002.

Membro, The Club of Rome, 2004-

Secretário da Educação do Estado de São Paulo, 2007-

Secretário de Educação, Município de São Paulo, 2005-2006.

Secretário Especial da Mulher, 2008--